Green Building Architecture: A Literature Review on Designing Techniques

Kushagra Varma*
, Mayank Chaurasia*
, Prasenjit Shukla*
, Tariq Ahmed*

Abstract- Buildings are found to be both, one of the biggest
consumer of energy and producer of greenhouse gases. It has
become a global issue. According to the National Institute of
Building Sciences(USA), buildings generate 35 percent of the
carbon dioxide (the primary greenhouse gas associated with
climate change), 49 percent of the sulphur dioxide, and 25
percent of the nitrogen oxide found in the air. Since buildings are
accountable for this scenario, it has imposed an immediate
requirement to not only think of, but implement sustainability in
every new construction instantly. This will render us a sustained
environment and a healthy ecosystem. Green Buildings are
buildings that subscribe to the principle of conscientious
handling of natural resources, which means causing as little
environmental interference as possible, using environment
friendly materials, requires low operational energy, utilizes
renewable sources of energy to fulfil its requirements, follows
high-quality and longevity as a guideline for construction and
last but not least, must be economically viable. Albeit the
problem is common in developing nations. The paper focuses on
green design as a vital transformation of contemporary
architecture practiced in developing nations. It endeavours to
present some environmental and physical design approaches for
green buildings in promptly developing countries chiefly India.
In this regard, the study presents hands on analysis of basics and
principles of green architecture, theories and viewpoints outlined
in the field and also the analysis of efficacious cases of
environment friendly buildings in India.
Index Terms- Greenhouse gases, Sustainability, Ecosystem,
Green Buildings, Renewable, Green Design, Contemporary


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