EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Smart growth is an urban planning and transportation perspective advocating long range sustainable planning and development. Its aim is to achieve a unique “sense of place” through concentrated mixed-use development, a diverse range of housing and employment choice, alternative modes of transport (transit, pedestrian and cycling), and equitable distribution of infrastructural development costs. The smart growth initiative is timely for Yellowknife given the national demographic trends, a growing infrastructure deficit, and strong citizen interest in the quality of life and growth and development of the City. Preparation for the Yellowknife Smart Growth Development Plan (the Plan) commenced in 2006, with formal endorsement from City Council in the 2007 Municipal Budget. Additional funding support was provided through various grant programs provided by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (Green Municipal Fund), Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, (Targeted Investment Program), and the GNWT Department of Education Culture and Employment (Historic Places Initiative). The work breakdown structure for the Plan consists of five broad components: Public Involvement, Land Use and Urban Design, Energy and the Environment, Transportation, and Economic Development. The City of Yellowknife Questionnaire Survey (the Questionnaire) falls under the Public Involvement component as a preliminary consultation element to assist in building community understanding, consensus, and direction around the Plan. The Questionnaire was designed in the context of a 50 year development Plan to a population of approximately 45,000 with a focus on a core built-up area (Old Town, Downtown, and Old Airport Road). The design began in May of 2007 with a review of prior planning studies and initiatives and identification on a broad range of planning issues. Subsequent interdepartmental review, the survey was reviewed by Ipsos Reid, endorsed by Council, before pilot testing on ten residents from the Community. In September some 7,700 surveys were mailed out and by the end of October a total of 865 surveys were completed and returned for a standard statistical significance level of 95%. The Questionnaire results demonstrate the majority of respondents (96%) are between the ages of 20 and 64 years of age, with an average residency in Yellowknife of 17 years. Although a majority of respondents prefer to live in a single-detached dwelling 83%, based on Census data it is evident that nearly half of residents in Yellowknife are renters. The housing affordability challenge is demonstrated by a respondent indicated income between $100,000 and $150,000 (the 2005 Census household average is of $117,000) and the average CMHC projected 2007 sale price of $292,000. Based on these figures there is some 25% of households which cannot afford a mortgage beyond $200,000. From a Land Use and Urban Design there is strong support for the revitalization of Old Town, Downtown, and Old Airport Road through themed land use and design initiatives. Culture and heritage, the natural environment, pedestrianism, and the mixed use developments were highlighted as a means to theme these primary study areas. The public strongly supports streetscaping, architectural standards, and commercial design requirements as a means to…


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