The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor is a major infrastructure project that India is developing with Japan. The project will upgrade nine mega industrial zones as well as the country’s high-speed freight line, three ports, and six airports. A 4,000 MW power plant and a six-lane intersection-free expressway will also be constructed, which will connect the country’s political and financial capitals. The DMIC project is already underway and it will cover six states — Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
The mega-project, which is rumored to cost over $90 billion, is being partially funded by the government along with Japanese loans and investment by Japanese firms. The 24 green cities are designed to boost India’s infrastructure in the smaller towns along this 1,483km corridor, as well as national economic growth and prosperity. A key part of the green city development will improve and repair the basic infrastructure of two major metropolitan cities that suffer from poor roads due to high levels of transport. A large portion of the funding will go into developing better transport facilities and public transport systems.
The country’s power systems are also to be improved, as electricity and water shortages are among the biggest problems in India. As a result, the green cities will have “optimized power supplies and a 24-hour water supply”. They will also have waste and water recycling plants. Japan is expected to offer its energy-efficient technologies to make the cities as sustainable as possible. Japan has provided substantial financial and technical aid to India for several years, investing in projects such as the Delhi Metro project. Preparatory work for 7 of the 24 green cities has already begun, with Gujarat set to be the first state to undergo an eco upgrade.